Basic Korean Phrases

Politeness
is an important aspect of speaking Korean, particularly when talking to strangers or people older than yourself. So, if someone asks you where you are from it’s often best to add 요 -yo to your answer, as this is polite. For example, when talking to new people, if you’re Australian it’s best to say you’re from hojuyo 호주요 instead of just hoju 호주.

한글 – Hangeul – Pronunciation – English Translation & meaning

안녕하세요 – Annyeong haseyo – Hello (Basic Greeting, can also mean ‘Good morning/day’, etc.)

안녕하십니까? – Annyeong hasimnikka? – Hello, how are you? (in response to initial greeting)

여보세요 – Yeoboseyo – Hello (when answering the telephone)

안녕히계세요 – Annyeonghi kyeseyo – Goodbye (when you’re leaving)

안녕히가세요 – Annyeonghi kaseyo – Goodbye (when they’re leaving)

죄송합니다 – Choesong hamnida – Excuse me (apologising)

실려합니다 – Shille hamnida – Excuse me (attracting attention)

미안합니다 – Mianhamnida – Sorry

죄송해요 – Choesong haeyo – I’m sorry

고맙습니다 – Komapsumnida – Thank you

감사합니다 – Kamsa hamnida – Thank you

천만에요 – Cheon maneyo – You’re welcome

… 있으세요? – … Isseuseyo? – Do you have … ?

도와주세요! – Towajuseyo! – Help! (in serious situations)

좀도와 주실래요? – Chomtowa jusillaeyo? – Help? (in all other situations)

중요 해요 – Chungyo haeyo – It’s important

중요하지 않아요 – Chungyohaji anayo – It’s not important

신경쓰지 마세요 – Shin gyeong sseuji maseyo – Forget about it!

격정 마세요 – Keokcheong maseyo – Don’t worry!

잊어버렸어요 – Ijeo beoyeosseoyo – I forgot

좋은데요! – Choeundeyo! – Great!

나쁜니다! – Na bbeun nida! – That was very bad!

저리 가세요! – Cheori kaseyo! – Get lost!

술 최했어요! – Sul chwihaesseoyo! – I’m drunk!

전 … 가/이 있어요. – Cheon … ga/i isseoyo. – I have … .

감기 걸렸어요 – Kamgi keollyeosseyo – I’ve caught a cold

빨리 나으셔야 돼요 – Bballi naeunsheoya daweyo – Get well soon

… 에 어떻게 가요? – … e eotteoke kayo? – How do I get to … ?

똑바로가세요 – Dokparo kaseyo – Straight ahead

왼쪽으로/오른쪽으로 가세요? – Wenjjokeuro/Oreunjjokeuro kaseyo – To the left/right

못 알아들었어요 – Mod ardeureosseoyo – I don’t understand

영어 하세요? – Yeongeo haseyo? – Do you speak English?

한국어 하세요? – Hangukeo haseyo? – Do you speak Korean?

제가 조금해요 – Chega chogeum haeyo – I speak a little

무선 공부를 하세요? – Museun kongbureul haseyo? – What are you studying?

저는 한국어를 공부해요 – Cheoneun hangukeoreul kongbu haeyo – I’m studying Korean

… 를/을 한국말로 뭐라고 해요? – … reul/eul hangukmallo mweorago haeyo? – How do you say … in Korean?

저는 영어선산님 (이)에요 – Cheoneun yeongeo seonsannim (i)eyo – I’m an English teacher

제 이름인 … (이)에요 – Che ireumin … (i)eyo – My name is … .

저는 … 입니다 – Cheoneun … imnida – I’m … .

잠깐만요 – Chamkkanmaneyo – Just a minute, please

어디 가세요? – Eodi kaseyo? – Where are you going?

뭐 하세요? – Mwo haseyo? – What are you doing?

지금 몇 시에요? – Chigeum myeoshieyo? – What time is it?

무슨 일이세요? – Museun iriseyo – What’s the matter?

어디 오셨어요? – Eodi oseosseoyo? – Where are you from?

… 에서 왔어요. – … eseo wasseoyo. – I’m/We’re from … .

저는 (호주)사람/인 입니다. — Cheoneun (hoju) saram/in imnida. – I’m (Australian).

Simple stuff

네 Ne Yes

아이오 Anio No

무엇(요)? Mueot(yo)? What?1

뭐? Mweo? What?

언제? Eonje? When?

어디(요)? Eodi(yo)? Where?

왜? Wae? Why?

누구? Nugu? Who?

누구세요? Nuguseyo? Who is it?

이것 Igot This

저것 Jeogot That

여기 Yeogi Here

저기 Jeogi There

멀리 Meolli Far away

가까히 Kakkahi Near

북 Buk North

남 Nam South

동 Dong East

서 Seo West

오른쪽 Oreunjjok Right side

왼쪽 Wenjjok Left side

여기요! Yeogiyo! Excuse me!2

추워요! Chuweoyo! It’s cold!

더워요! Deoweoyo! It’s hot!

빠리빠리! Bballi Bballi! Hurry up!

갑시다! Kapsida! Let’s go!

영어 Yeongeo English

미국 영어 Miguk yeongeo American English

한국 말/어 Hanguk mal/eo Korean3

중국말 Chunggukmal Chinese3 (Mandarin)

외국어 Oegukeo Foreign langauge

어마에요? Eoma eyo? How much? (does it cost)

어마니까? Eoma nikka? How much?1 (does it cost)

일 il Day

월 Weol Month

년 Nyeon Year

여름 Yeoreum Summer

겨울 Geoul Winter

가을 Gaeul Autumn

봄 Bom Spring

그럼 Geureom Well, then

지금 Jigeum Now

집 Jip House

시내 Sinae Downtown

학교 Hakgyo School

아닌데요 Anindeyo No, it’s not

번호 Beonho Number

층 Cheung Floor

Numbers
Pure Korean Numbers (used for telling time, counting objects, expressing your age)

1 – 하나 hana
2 – 둘 dul
3 – 셋 set
4 – 넷 net
5 – 다섯 daseot

6 – 여셋 yeoseot
7 – 일곱 ilgop
8 – 여덟 yeodeol
9 – 아홉 ahop
10 – 열 yeol

11 – 열하나 yeolhana
12 – 열둘 yeoldul
20 – 스물 seumul
30 – 서른 seoreun
50 – 쉰 shwin

Sino-Korean Numbers (used to express minutes in counting time, dates & months of the year, for counting money or floors of a building, and for numbers larger than 100)

0 –
영/공 yeong/kong
1 – 일 il
2 – 이 i
3 – 삼 sam
4 – 사 sa

5 – 오 o
6 – 육 yuk
7 – 칠 chil
8 – 팔 pal
9 – 구 gu
10 – 십 ship

11 – 십일 shipil
20 – 이십 iship
21 – 이십일 ishipil
50 – 오십 oship
100 – 백 baek
200 – 이백 ibaek
500 – 오백 obaek
1000 – 천 cheon
10 000 – 만 man

source : http://www.bensmatrix.com/culture/basickorean.html

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